WHAT IS THE CLIMATE OF ISRAEL?
When my tourists arriving in Israel, The first thing that I present during my private tours in Israel is the Israeli climate.
Please take a look at the map of the Middle East, Israel is located in the middle between Europe Asia and Africa therefore the climate in Israel it’s very diverse.
I would like to begin discussing the climate of Israel from the north part of the country, where the border with Lebanon and Syria is, to the south part where the city Eilat is located, the distance from north to south is only 480 km, from east to west or from the Mediterranean sea to the Dead Sea the distance is only 120 km, isn’t it impressive? This is basically the size of a medium city in the United States! We are a tiny piece of land but an amazing one, for people visiting Israel it can be very surprised when they are coming to travel from the United States or Russia.
The climate along the coast of Israel along the Mediterranean sea from north to south which is about 1/3 of the country it’s very comfortable and has almost 900 mm of rain each and every year, this is basically the same amount of rain like in Moscow region, the only difference is that the Israeli rain falls only during a few months perhaps In December, January, February, and March and sometimes we having surprises and we can get some rain during April and May. Since the rain is very concentrated it can be very powerful in the north region, the climate can be stormy with winds and snow! Concentration like this can lead to heavy flooding especially in the lowlands such as the valleys of Galilee.
In the central region of the country, the climate is a little different, from Tel Aviv to the north part of the Negev desert the annual amount of rain is between 650 mm to 200 mm in the south part, From the beginning of the Negev desert to the south capital of Israel Eilat the amount of rain is usually very very low, something around 40 mm a year This is a great example during my tours in Israel to show my clients how different the climate in Israel Can be and believe me it’s surprising most of my clients!
The central hilly part of the country including Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaria has a very dry but rainy climate during the winter and not humid, the annual amount of rain is higher than in the other regions and it can be around 1000 mm per year, during the summer the region is very dry and we don’t have any rain.
The great Valley rift is another section worth to mention, this is basically a big and deep hole created millions of years ago also known as the Syrian African rift, along the great Valley rift you can find the Dead Sea, the Red Sea and the Sea of Galilee, Driving along the Jordan Valley with my tourists and finding pieces of a desert is a very typical view during my trips in Israel, but suddenly you can cross one Or two seas during two hours driving. This section is usually dry and gets barely 100 mm of rain each year on the other hand the region can be quite dangerous since it looks like a big sinkhole and the rain coming from the mountains is going straight to the bottom.
The climate of Israel is truly amazing since we have 14 different climate zones, the mountains of the north, the coast of the Mediterranean sea, the subtropical area of the sea of Galilee, the desert, and the region of the Dead Sea and other humid zones.
The summer is usually hot and humid and the winter on the other hand is pleasant and rainy.
The agriculture in Israel is amazing, our small and beautiful country has a huge variety of different crops in different regions, during each and every season we have different fruits and vegetables since we know exactly how to deal with different types of soil, thanks to the Israeli technologies we have a great result providing us the opportunity to feed our country without importing anything!
One of my popular tours in Israel is visiting the farms and usually present to my tourists the amazing process of growing vegetables on a sandy ground, in the north region we usually grow grapes, cherries, peaches, and plums, in the central region we grow grapes, carrots and cotton, in the south part we grow tomatoes, eggplants, zucchinis and many many more.
During sukkot after the autumn we usually grow wheat, and after spring holidays like Passover we can also grow wheat without rain so we can begin harvest. Between Passover to Sukkot Almost 6 months, the sun is very bright, the sky is blue and no clouds! we have high humidity and this combination is good for other fruits such as melons and watermelons.
For almost 2000 years the Jews were not allowed to work the land, the only thing that the Jews could do is to trade but one thing wasn’t forgotten, is to pray for the rain since they knew that they will be able to return to the promised land to work it and grow the future, The first Jews returning to Palestine during the 19 century brought back to life the idea of working their land and building the future after almost 2000 years, this is a part of a new movement called Zionism!
The dream and the desire to build the country brought Israel to the front of the world agriculture stage, despite all the difficulties we made a dream come true to grow and to work our land,
Today we have a huge variety of kibbutz(agricultural farms) in Israel Which grow basically everything, during my private tours in Israel you have the opportunity to feel different climate zones and visiting these agricultural farms with their amazing products and technologies.
I hope you enjoyed my article about the climate of Israel and the agricultural story of our amazing piece of land, join me and travel Israel from a different perspective.